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State Key Special Program Exchange Meeting on "Seven Main Crops' Breeding" Held in Hainan

On Mar. 17-18, the exchange meeting of the key special program "The Research and Application of Rice Functional Genomics" in "Seven Main Crops'Breeding"supported by the National Key R&D Programs & symposium on "Fundamentals and Frontiers of Rice Breeding"was held in Lingshui County, Hainan Province. More than 70 leaders, experts and scholars attended the exchange meeting, including those from China Rural Technology Development Center, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China National Rice Research Institute, Fudan University, Wuhan University, China Agricultural University and HZAU. Representatives conducted academic exchanges in promoting integrated implementation of key special program of the National Key R&D Programs and strengthening communication between programs.

In the opening ceremony held on the morning of March 17, Guan Hengda, executive vice president of Office of Scientific Research & Development introduced the achievements we have made in scientific research since the beginning of the 13th Five-year Plan and proposed three requirements for the success of this year’s annual meeting. He hoped that program directors and personnel engaged in the research should strictly observe academic norms; each research group should use funds in accordance with laws and regulations in order to bring into force new mechanism of scientific research in a careful and all-about way; we should closely coordinate programs to advance the organic development of the whole research chain.

Ge Yiqiang, director of the China Rural Technology Development Center, interpreted the integrated implementation rules of key special programs for meeting participants with the theme of "Management Requirements of ' Seven Main Crops'Breeding' of the Ministry of Science and Technology". He explained new thinking, new judgments and new initiatives for the implementation by the Ministry of Science and Technology from four aspects-overall deployment, preliminary consideration, implementation plans, common problems and new measures and requirements.

Eight chief scientists or chief representatives of fundamentals and frontiers of rice breeding programs introduced their implementation and research progress in the past year. The experts then made 39 academic reports to exchange ideas on the fundamentals and frontiers issues about rice breeding.

On Mar. 19 - 24, the exchange meeting of the major program of the National 863 Plan on the cultivation of super green rice and heterosis formation and utilization mechanism of main crops of the key special program will be held in Lingshui County, Hainan Province. Many experts and scholars will go to Hainan to carry out academic exchanges.

In the end of 2015, the Ministry of Science and Technology launched special pilot programs of seven main crops' breeding including rice, corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton, rape and vegetables. Taking seven main crops as the subject and based on the general ideas of "strengthening basic research", "breaking through cutting-edge technologies", "creating major varieties", "leading modern seed industry", the special programs give top priorities on the development of five tasks, i.e. "evaluation and utilization of superior germplasm", "genemics studies of main crops", "breeding technology and material innovation","breeding of major varieties" and "seed breeding and seed processing". In addition, 21 programs were approved in the first batch.

(By Zhu Jingjing)